Manchester University to test autism communication therapy|
MANCHESTER, UK: A therapy to improve the communication skills of children with autism before they get to school is being tested in Britain.
The Medical Research Council is funding a four-year University of Manchester project to explore new ways for parents and autistic children to communicate.
The families of 144 children will be asked to develop languages using signs, pictures and symbols during fortnightly therapy sessions for six months. The sessions will then be followed up with six monthly "booster" meetings.
It is hoped that the study will improve the child's social and language skills by the time they start school.
In the UK, six children in 1,000 have autism, a developmental disability which affects the way someone communicates and interacts with other people.
Pilot studies had already shown that the therapy was effective and this clinical trial will involve 144 children in Manchester, Newcastle and London.
The lead researcher, Dr Jonathan Green, said: "We hope that it will provide a new evidence base for autism service planning and help to change the face of service provision, both in the UK and overseas. Because the treatment helps communication, it improves a parent's sense of competence and involvement with their child, as well as the child's development."
The MRC is also funding a second study on Asperger's syndrome, a condition often considered to be a mild form of autism, which is characterised by social aloofness and a lack of interest in other people.
The research will be exploring why adults with Asperger's have a good memory for facts, but less effective recall for how they fit into remembered events.
The researchers hope that, by improving understanding of the condition, doctors will be able to draw up better treatment and educational programmes.
The MRC's chief executive, Professor Colin Blakemore, said he hoped the studies, which are receiving £1.5 million, would provide "solid foundations" for developing autism treatments.
"There has been very little systematic research into effective treatments for autism," he said. "Furthermore, we hope that this significant investment across a diverse set of projects will provide long-term benefit by supporting an increase in the UK research capacity in this area."
Richard Mills, director of research at Britain's National Autistic Society, added that the research was badly needed. "There is a shortage of independent scientific study into interventions, despite the large numbers of approaches available. Too little activity has been devoted to the evaluation of the various interventions and therapies in use."
(Source: BBC News Online, March 19, 2005)